Over many years, there has been growing recognition of the need to examine the Code of Federal Regulations for the Protection of Human Subjects (45CFR46). In July 2011, the Office of the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services, in coordination with the Office of Science and Technology Policy, issued an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) requesting general and specific comments in seven areas on some 74 questions.
In October 2011, extensive comments were provided in the Social and Behavioral Science White Paper on Advance Notice for Proposed Rulemaking, submitted by 22 organizations. Levine was senior author of the white paper.
Levine has served on the National Human Research Protections Advisory Committee of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She was on the National Research Council panel on Putting People on the Map: Protecting Confidentiality with Linked Social-Spatial Data and chaired the NRC workshop on Protecting Student Records and Facilitating Education Research.