Trending Topic Research File: Achievement Gaps
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Trending Topic Research File: Achievement Gaps
 
Achievement Gaps
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Trending Topic Research File

Achievement gaps demonstrating differences in academic performance between students of different genders, races, and income levels are prevalent in school districts across the country, and researchers continue examining strategies to ensure that all students are receiving quality education and producing proficient educational outcomes.

The following compendium of open-access articles are inclusive of all substantive AERA journal content regarding achievement gaps published since 2013. This page will be updated as new articles are published. 

Note: Articles are listed below in reverse chronological order of publication. Click here for the list by author’s last name.

The Relationship Between Test Item Format and Gender Achievement on Math and ELA Tests in Fourth and Eigth Grade Students
Educational Researcher September, 2018
Researchers found that estimated gaps are strongly associated with the proportions of the test scores based on multiple-choice and constructed-response questions on state accountability tests.
Authors: Sean F. Reardon, Demetra Kalogrides, Erin M. Fahle

Will Public Pre-K Really Close Achievement Gaps? Gaps in Prekindergarten Quality Between Students and Across States
American Educational Research Journal September, 2017
The researcher found large "quality gaps" in public pre-K between poor, minority students and non-poor, non-minority students.
Author: Rachel Valentino 

Effects of a Summer Mathematics Intervention for Low-Income Children
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis March, 2017
Researchers found that children being randomly assigned to the designated program plus laptop condition caused them to experience significantly higher reported levels of summer home mathematics engagement relative to their peers in the control group.
Authors: Kathleen LynchJames S. Kim  

The Gap Within the Gap: Using Longitudinal Data to Understand Income Differences in Educational Outcomes
AERA Open February, 2017
Researchers find that half of eigth graders in Michigan are eligible for a subsidized meal, but just 14 percent have been eligible for subsidized meal in every grade since kindergarten.
Authors: Katherine Michelmore, Susan Dynarski

Kids Today: The Rise in Children's Academic Skills at kindergarten Entry
Educational Researcher January, 2017
Researchers document how students entering Kindergarten in 2010 compare to those who entered in 1998 in terms of their teacher-reported math, literacy, and behavioral skills. 
Authors: Daphna Bassok, Scott Latham

Seasonal Dynamics of Academic Achievement Inequality by Scoioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity: Updating and Extending Past Research With New National Data
Educational Researcher November, 2016
Researchers analyzed seasonal trends in socioeconomic status (SES) and racial/ethnic test score gaps using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ECLS-K:2011).
Authors: David M. Quinn, North Cooc, Joe McIntyre, Celia J. Gomez

A Research Synthesis of the Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic Achievement
Review of Educational Research November, 2016
Researchers examined whether a positive climate can successfully disupt the associations between low socioeconomic states (SES) and poor academic achievement. 
Authors: Ruth Berkowitz, Hadass Moore, Ron Avi Astor

Have Gender Gaps in Math Closed? Achievement, Teacher Perceptions, and Learning Behaviors Across Two ECLS-K Cohorts
AERA Open October, 2016
Researchers revealed gender gaps in mathematics achievement and teacher perceptions.
Authors: Joseph R. Cimpian, Sarah T. Lubienski, Jennifer D. Timmer, Martha Makowski, Emily Miller

The Politics of Achievement Gaps: U.S. Public Opinion on Race-Based and Wealth-Based Differences in Test Scores
Educational Researcher August, 2016
Researchers explored the public's beliefs about test score gaps and its support for gap-closing initiatives. 
Authors: Jon Valant, Daniel A. Newark

Patterns of Cross-National Variation in the Association Between Income and Academic Achievement
AERA Open June, 2016
Researchers found considerable variation across countries in income achievement gaps. 
Authors: Anna K. Chmielewski, Sean F. Reardon

A Multigrade, Multiyear Statewide Examination of Reading Achievement: Examining Variability Between Districts, Schools, and Students
Educational Researcher May, 2016
Researchers examined the patterns of reading achievement using statewide data from all students (Grades 3-10) in multiple years to examine gaps based on student, school, and district characteristics. 
Authors: Jill L. Adelson, Emily R. Dickinson, Brittany C. Cunningham

An Effort to Close Achievement Gaps at Scale Through Self-Affirmation
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis March, 2016
Researchers randomly assigned seventh-grade students within 11 schools to receive writing exercises designed to promote values affirmation. Impacts on cumulative grade point average for the district’s racial/ethnic minority students who may be subject to stereotype threat are consistent with but smaller than those from past smaller studies.
Authors: Geoffrey D. Borman,  Paul Hanselman

Effects of School Segregation and School Resources in a Changing Policy Context 
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis March, 2016 
The researcher found no evidence that an increased number of African American students negatively affects achievement growth.
Author: Adam Gamoran  

Science Achievement Gaps Begin Very Early, Persist, and Are Largely Explained by Modifiable Factors
Educational Researcher February, 2016
Researchers examined the age of onset, over-time dynamics, and mechanisms underlying science achievement gaps in U.S. elementary and middle schools. 
Authors: Paul L. Morgan, George Farkas, Marianne M. Hillemeier, Steve Maczuga

Science Achievement Gaps by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in elementary and Middle School: Trends and Predictors
Educational Researcher August, 2015
Researchers find that the Black-White science test score gap remains stable over the years students, the Hispanic-White gap narrows, and the Asian-White Grade 3 gap closes by Grade 8.
Authors: David M. Quinn, North Cooc

Practice Issues in Estimating Achievement Gaps From Coarsened Data
Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics April, 2015
Researchers obtain practical estimates of the imprecision imparted by the coarsening process and of the bias imparted by measurment error.
Authors: Sean F. Reardon, Andrew D. Ho

The Effect of Community Linguistic Isolation on Language-Minority Student Achievement in High School
Educational Researcher October, 2014
The researcher found that language minority achievement gaps are three to five tenths of a standard deviation in reading and math but that the effect is attenuated by increased levels of linguistic isolation.
Author: Timothy Arthur Drake

More Than Sanctions: Closing Achievement Gaps Through California's Use of Intensive Technical Assistance
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis September, 2014
Researchers found that one intensive technical assistance (TA) intervention - California's District Assistance and Intervention Teams (DAITs) implemented in conjunction with a high-stakes accountability policy improves the math and English performance of traditionally underserved students. 
Authors: Katherine O. Strunk, Andrew McEachin

Do Summer Time-Use Gaps Vary by Socioeconomic Status?
American Educational Research Journal December, 2013
Researchers examined if differrential rates of summer learning loss contribute to the persistence of achievement gaps between students of different socioeconomic backgrounds.
Author: Seth Gershenson

By Author

Adelson, Jill L. - brian-an@uiowa.edu
- A Multigrade, Multiyear Statewide Examination of Reading Achievement: Examining Variability Between Districts, Schools, and Students

An, Brian P. - brian-an@uiowa.edu
-Effects of School Segregation and School Resources in a Changing Policy Context  

Astor, Ron - rastor@usc.edu
-A Research Synthesis of the Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic Achievement

Bassok, Daphna - dbassok@virginia.edu
-Kids Today: The Rise in Children's Academic Skills at Kindergarten Entry

Berkowitz, Ruth - rruthberko@gmail.com
-A Research Synthesis of the Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic Achievement

Borman, Geoffrey D. - gborman@education.wisc.edu
-An Effort to Close Achievement Gaps at Scale Through Self-Affirmation 

Chmielewski, Anna K.ak.chmielewski@utoronto.ca   
-Patterns of Cross-National Variation in the Association Between Income and Academic Achievement

Cimpian, Joseph R.joseph.cimpian@nyu.edu
-Have Gender Gaps in Math Closed? Achievement, Teacher Perceptions, and Learning Behaviors Across Two ECLS-K Cohorts

Cooc, Northncooc@austin.utexas.edu
-Seasonal Dynamics of Academic Achievement Inequality by Scoioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity: Updating and Extending Past Research With New National Data

- Science Achievement Gaps by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in elementary and Middle School: Trends and Predictors

Cunningham, Brittany C. - No Email Available
-A Multigrade, Multiyear Statewide Examination of Reading Achievement: Examining Variability Between Districts, Schools, and Students

Dickinson, Emily R. - No Email Available
-A Multigrade, Multiyear Statewide Examination of Reading Achievement: Examining Variability Between Districts, Schools, and Students

Drake, Timothy - tadrake@ncsu.edu
-The Effect of Community Linguistic Isolation on Language-Minority Student Achievement in High School

Dynarksi, Susan - dynarski@umich.edu
-The Gap Within the Gap: Using Longitudinal Data to Understand Income Differences in Educational Outcomes

Fahle, Erin M. - efahle@stanford.edu
-The Relationship Between Test Item Format and gender Achievement Gaps on Math and ELA Tests in fourth and Eighth Grades

Farkas, George - gfarkas@uci.edu 
-Science Achievement Gaps Begin Very Early, Persist, and Are Largely Explained by Modifiable Factors

Gamoran, Adam - agamoran@Wtgrantfdn.org
-Effects of School Segregation and School Resources in a Changing Policy Context  

Gershenson, Seth - gershens@american.edu
-Do Summer Time-Use Gaps Vary by Socioeconomic Status?

Gomez, Celia J. celia_gomez@mail.harvard.edu
-Seasonal Dynamics of Academic Achievement Inequality by Scoioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity: Updating and Extending Past Research With New National Data

Grigg, Jeffrey - jgrigg1@jhu.edu
-An Effort to Close Achievement Gaps at Scale Through Self-Affirmation 

Hanselman, Paul - paul.hanselman@uci.edu
-An Effort to Close Achievement Gaps at Scale Through Self-Affirmation 

Hillemeier, Marianne M. - mmh18@psu.edu
-Science Achievement Gaps Begin Very Early, Persist, and Are Largely Explained by Modifiable Factors

Ho, Andrew D.Andrew_Ho@gse.harvard.edu
-Practice Issues in Estimating Achievement Gaps From Coarsened Data

Kalogrides, Demetra. - dkalo@stanford.edu
-The Relationship Between Test Item Format and gender Achievement Gaps on Math and ELA Tests in fourth and Eighth Grades

Kim, James S. - james_kim@gse.harvard.edu 
-Effects of a Summer Mathematics Intervention for Low-Income Children

Latham, Scott - lathams@stanford.edu
-Kids Today: The Rise in Children's Academic Skills at Kindergarten Entry

Lubienski, Sarah T. - No Email Available
-Have Gender Gaps in Math Closed? Achievement, Teacher Perceptions, and Learning Behaviors Across Two ECLS-K Cohorts

Lynch, Kathleenkathleen_lynch@mail.harvard.edu
-Effects of a Summer Mathematics Intervention for Low-Income Children

Maczuga, Steve - sam21@psu.edu
-Science Achievement Gaps Begin Very Early, Persist, and Are Largely Explained by Modifiable Factors

Makowski, Martha - mbmakowski@ua.edu
-Have Gender Gaps in Math Closed? Achievement, Teacher Perceptions, and Learning Behaviors Across Two ECLS-K Cohorts

McCintyre, Joe joseph_mcintyre@gse.harvard.edu 
-Seasonal Dynamics of Academic Achievement Inequality by Scoioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity: Updating and Extending Past Research With New National Data

McEachin, Andrew mceachin@rand.org
-More Than Sanctions: Closing Achievement Gaps Through California's Use of Intensive Technical Assistance

Michelmore, Katherine - kmmichel@syr.edu
-The Gap Within the Gap: Using Longitudinal Data to Understand Income Differences in Educational Outcomes

Miller, Emily - No Email Available
-Have Gender Gaps in Math Closed? Achievement, Teacher Perceptions, and Learning Behaviors Across Two ECLS-K Cohorts

Moore, Hadass - hadassmo@usc.edu
-A Research Synthesis of the Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic Achievement

Morgan, Paulplm17@psu.edu
-Science Achievement Gaps Begin Very Early, Persist, and Are Largely Explained by Modifiable Factors

Newark, Daniel A. - newark@hec.fr
-The Politics of Achievement Gaps: U.S. Public Opinion on Race-Based and Wealth-Based Differences in Test Scores

Quinn, David M.quinnd@usc.edu
-Seasonal Dynamics of Academic Achievement Inequality by Scoioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity: Updating and Extending Past Research With New National Data

-Science Achievement Gaps by Gender and Race/Ethnicity in elementary and Middle School: Trends and Predictors

Reardon, Sean F.sean.reardon@stanford.edu
-Practice Issues in Estimating Achievement Gaps From Coarsened Data

-Patterns of Cross-National Variation in the Association Between Income and Academic Achievement

-The Relationship Between Test Item Format and Gender Achievement on Math and ELA Tests in Fourth and Eigth Grade Students

Strunk, Katherine O.kstrunk@msu.edu
-Practice Issues in Estimating Achievement Gaps From Coarsened Data

Timmer, Jennifer D. - No Email Available
-Have Gender Gaps in Math Closed? Achievement, Teacher Perceptions, and Learning Behaviors Across Two ECLS-K Cohorts

Valant, Jon. - No Email Available
-The Politics of Achievement Gaps: U.S. Public Opinion on Race-Based and Wealth-Based Differences in Test Scores

Valentino, Rachel - No Email Available
-Will Public Pre-K Really Close Achievement Gaps? Gaps in Prekindergarten Quality Between Students and Across States

 
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