Trending Topic Research File: Bullying Prevention and School Safety
Trending Topic Research File: Bullying Prevention and School Safety
Bullying Prevention and School Safety

Trending Topic Research File

Bullying presents one of the greatest health risks to children, youth, and young adults in U.S. society today. School safety, including the prevention is bullying, is a top national priority and a key area of academic research. In recent years, AERA and its journals have examined many aspects of bullying and school safety, including:

● Effects on academic performance
● Role in school climate
● Bullying and LGBTQ youth
● Strategies and procedures for prevention


The following compendium of open-access articles includes AERA journal content on bullying and school safety published since 2004. This page will be updated as new articles are published.  

In addition, the AERA peer-reviewed report Prevention of Bullying in Schools, Colleges, and Universities (2013) addresses legislative, policy, and procedural matters with pragmatic and practical strategies for bullying prevention. It is presented as a series of 11 briefs, written by leading scholars on the topic. 

AERA Journal Articles

Note: Articles are listed below in reverse chronological order of publication. Click here for the list by author’s last name.

Are Charter Schools Safer in Deindustrialized Cities With High Rates of Crime? Testing Hypotheses in Detroit
American Educational Research Journal May 2017
This study compares  charter and traditional public schools in Detroit, Michigan, on perceived school safety by linking student surveys to data on school, neighborhood, and parent-related characteristics.
Authors: Daniel Hamlin

A Meta-Analysis of School-Based Interventions Aimed to Prevent or Reduce Violence in Teen Dating Relationships
Review of Educational Research February 2017
School programs influence student behaviors regarding violence prevention in dating relationships, researchers found.
Authors: Lisa De La Rue, Joshua R. Polanin, Dorothy L. Espelage, Terri D. Pigott


A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cyber-Victimization and Educational Outcomes for Adolescents

Review of Educational Research, January 2017
Associations between cyber-victimization and higher school attendance problems, along with academic achievement challenges, were discovered.

Authors: Joseph H. Gardella, Benjamin W. Fisher, Abbie R. Teurbe-Tolon


Do Top Dogs Rule in Middle School? Evidence on Bullying, Safety, and Belonging
American Educational Research Journal, October 2016
The article details how "top dog" status improves the learning environment and academic achievement
Authors: Amy Ellen SchwartzLeanna StiefelMichah W. Rothbart

Testing the Causal Links Between School Climate, School Violence, and School Academic Performance: A Cross-Lagged Panel Autoregressive Model
Educational Researcher, April 2016
Researchers discovered that a school’s overall enhancement in academic performance reduces violence and improves a school’s climate.
Authors: Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor, Ilan Roziner, Stephani L. Wrabel

Data Needs for Emerging Research Issues in Bully and Violence Prevention
AERA Open, September 2015
In this article, a social-ecological framework is briefly described as a way to understand bullying and school violence; and data that assess bullying and/or school violence are described, and recommendations for additional items are proposed.
Authors: Dorothy Espelage  

The Effect of High School Shootings on Schools and Student Performance
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, July 2015
Through analyzing the impact of fatal shootings in high schools, researchers found that homicidal shootings significantly decrease the enrollment of students in Grade 9 and decrease test scores in math and English standardized tests.
Authors: Louis-Philippe Beland, Dongwoo Kim  

Guidance for Schools Selecting Antibullying Approaches: Translating Evidence-Based Strategies to Contemporary Implementation Realities
Educational Researcher , January/February 2015
This article synthesizes current research on bullying prevention and intervention to provide guidance to schools seeking to select and implement anti-bullying strategies.
Authors: Nadia S. Ansary, Maurice J. Elias, Michael B. Greene, Stuart Green 

The Effects of Adolescent Health-Related Behavior on Academic Performance: A Systematic Review of Longitudinal Evidence
Review of Educational Research, January 2014
This article synthesizes empirical, longitudinal literature dating to 1992 that investigates the effects of the most predominant health-related behaviors among adolescence students, including bullying.
Authors: Vincent Busch, Anne Loyen, Mandy Lodder, Augustinus J. P. Schrijvers, Tom A. van Yperen, Johannes R. J. de Leeuw   

A Review of School Climate Research
Review of Educational Research, April 2013
This article presents an integrative review on school climate research, including bullying.
Authors: Amrit Thapa, Jonathan Cohen, Shawn Guffey, Ann Higgins-D’Alessandro   

Bullying Explains Only Part of LGBTQ-Heterosexual Risk Disparities: Implications for Policy and Practice
Educational Researcher, November 2012
The extent to which LGBTQ youths’ higher rates of victimization can explain these youths’ greater rates of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and unexcused absences from school is explored in this article, with the authors finding that policies aimed at simply reducing bullying may not be effective.
Authors: Joseph P. Robinson, Dorothy L. Espelage 

Why Do School Order and Safety Matter?
Educational Researcher, January 2010
Setting the stage for a special issue of Educational Researcher, this article recasts the study of school violence into the broader framework of school safety and order.
Authors: Dewey G. Cornell, Matthew J. Mayer

How Safe Are Our Schools?
Educational Researcher, January 2010
Calling for a 10-year national strategic plan to improve school safety, this article identifies conceptual and methodological challenges that must be addressed.
Authors: Matthew J. Mayer, Michael J. Furlong 

What Can Be Done About School Bullying?
Educational Researcher, January 2010
In this article, the authors review research on individual, peer, and school contributions that may be critical factors for enhancing efforts to address bullying among students, concluding with a proposal for a broader model of school bullying based on the emerging literature.
Authors: Susan M. SwearerDorothy L. EspelageTracy VaillancourtShelley Hymel  

What Can Be Done About School Shootings? A Review of the Evidence
Educational Researcher, January 2010
This article counters the impression that schools are unsafe for many students by examining empirical evidence of school and community violence trends and includes an overview of the need for schools to develop crisis response plans.
Authors: Randy BorumDewey G. CornellWilliam ModzeleskiShane R. Jimerson  

How Can We Improve School Safety Research?
Educational Researcher, January 2010
The authors of this article consider how educational researchers can improve school violence and safety research in three key ways and describe international empirical approaches that match school safety data with specific evidence-based practices.
Authors: Ron Avi Astor, Nancy Guerra, Richard Van Acker  

How Can We Improve School Discipline?
Educational Researcher, January 2010
Surveying three approaches to improving school disciple practices and student behavior, this article examines their epistemological and empirical roots and supporting research.
Authors: David OsherGeorge G. BearJeffrey R. SpragueWalter Doyle  

The Achievement Gap and the Discipline Gap: Two Sides of the Same Coin?
Educational Researcher, January 2010
This article synthesizes research on racial and ethnic patterns in school sanctions and examines the evidence for student, school, and community contributors to these patterns, offering promising directions for gap-reducing discipline policies and practices.
Authors: Anne GregoryRussell J. SkibaPedro A. Noguera  

School Violence and Theoretically Atypical Schools: The Principal’s Centrality in Orchestrating Safe Schools
American Educational Research Journal, January 2009
Using three years of intense qualitative and quantitative methods employed at schools considered “atypical” because of their low violence despite being in high violence communities, researchers find that the most important variable is leadership of the principal.
Authors: Ron Avi Astor, Rami Benbenishty, Jose Nuñez Estrada

These Deadly Times: Reconceptualizing School Violence by Using Critical Race Theory and Disability Studies
American Educational Research Journal, June 2004
The authors examine the impact of social, political, economic, and institutional structures on the social construction of the “deviant student,” arguing that school violence is the result of the structural violence that force students to feel vulnerable, angry, and resistant to normative school expectations.
Authors: Ivan Eugene Watts, Nirmala Erevelles

Additional Reading

AERA Outstanding Book Award (2007) School Violence in Context: Culture, Neighborhood, Family, School, and Gender
Oxford University Press
Authors: Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor

AERA Palmer O. Johnson Award for Outstanding Article (1999)
Unowned Places and Times: Maps and Interviews About Violence in High Schools
American Educational Research Journal, January 1999
Authors: Ron Avi Astor, Heather Ann Meyer, William J. Behre

Articles by Author

Ansary, Nadia S. -

Astor, Ron Avi -

Bear, George G. -

Beland, Louis-Philippe -

Benbenishty, Rami -

Borum, Randy -

Busch, Vincent - no email available

Cohen, Jonathan -

Cornell, Dewey G. -

De La Rue, Lisa

de Leeuw, Johannes R. J. - no email available

Doyle, Walter -

Elias, Maurice J. -

Erevelles, Nirmala

Espelage, Dorothy L. -

Estrada, Jose Nuñez - no email available

Fisher, Benjamin W. -

Furlong, Michael J. -

Gardella, Joseph -

Gregory, Anne

Green, Stuart -

Greene, Michael B. -

Guerra, Nancy -

Guffey, Shawn -

Hamlin, Daniel -

Higgins-D’Alessandro, Ann -

Hymel, Shelley -

Jimerson, Shane R. -

Kim, Dongwoo -

Lodder, Maddy - no email available

Loyen, Ann - no email available

Mayer, Matthew J. -

Modzeleski, William -

Noguera, Pedro

Osher, David -

Pigott, Terri

Polanin, Joshua R.

Robinson-Cimpian, Joseph -


Roziner, Ilan -

Schrijvers, Augustinus J.P. - no email available

Schwartz, Amy E. -

Skiba, Russell J. - skiba@indiana

Sprague, Jeffrey R. -


Swearer, Susan M. -

Teurbe-Tolon, Abbie R. - no email available

Thapa, Amrit - no email available

Vaillancourt, Tracy -

van Acker, Ricahrd -

van Yperen, Tom A. -

Watts, Ivan Eugene -

Wrabel, Stephani

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