Education Research Conferences Program: Abstracts

A Repatriation Gathering: Envisioning the Future of Indian Education
Principal Investigator(s): Rose E. Honey (Center for Indigenous Research, Curriculum, Language & Evaluation)
Award Date: 8/1/2021 – 7/31/2022
Conference Date: 3/25-26/2022

This Repatriation Gathering will engage educators and community members in tribally driven discourse focused on Native education in Montana and the northern region. Participants who live and work in tribal communities will share their perspectives on definitions of success and educational aspirations to ensure that the future of Indian education is self-determined, and that tribal education sovereignty is upheld. Attendees will discuss learning for Native youth today, how success is currently defined, impacts from the pandemic, and visions for the future in education. Knowledge from this gathering will be documented, shared, and drawn upon to source partnerships aligned with outcomes. By facilitating and engaging in this deep exploration, educators can ensure that immediate needs and objectives defined by tribally communities can be attained and sustained in ways that truly meet the needs of Native youth. CIRCLE Directors include Joe Jessepe (Blackfeet), who supports youth in opportunities for college and beyond in Browning, Montana, Dr. Carmelita Lamb (Hispanic and Lipan Apache), the Associate Dean of the School of Education and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Mary in Bismarck, North Dakota, and April Charlo (Salish), a grassroots organizer who supports culture and language revitalization on the Flathead Indian Reservation in Montana.

Critical Visual and Multimodal Research in Education Conference: Building Expansive Methodologies for Racial Justice in the Time of Crisis
Principal Investigator(s): Marva Cappello (San Diego State University), Jennifer D. Turner (University of Maryland), and Angela M. Wiseman (North Carolina State University)
Award Date: 8/1/2021 – 7/31/2022
Conference Date: TBD

Our research conference aims to initiate a research agenda that prioritizes the use of critical visual and multimodal methodologies to promote educational equity and racial justice. A conference focused on critical visual methodologies is urgently needed to respond to racial injustice in the U.S. and around the world. For minoritized youth, images often function as visual microaggressions that perpetuate stereotypes about people of Color and foster racialized violence in schools and communities. Yet images can also be used as tools for activism, affirmation, and hope. Our conference harnesses that hope, foregrounding the ways that visual and multimodal imagery celebrate and cultivate the lifeworlds of minoritized youth. Further, our conference seeks to examine the ways that critical visual and multimodal methodologies illuminate the educational capital, racial literacies, linguistic resources, and possible futures of youth of Color while disrupting deficit perspectives. Building with a transdisciplinary group of education scholars and artists who utilize critical visual and multimodal methods in a range of contexts, we engage issues of visual justice, race, and equity through interactive sessions, keynotes, and workshops resulting in an edited volume that features the work from the conference.

Setting an Agenda for an Anti-Racist Program of Research in Educational Psychology
Principal Investigator(s): Alexandra List (The Pennsylvania State University), P. Karen Murphy (The Pennsylvania State University), and Pu-Wa Lei (The Pennsylvania State University)
Award Period: 7/1/2021 – 6/30/2022
Conference Date: 4/3-5/2022

A seminal review by DeCuir-Gunby and Schutz (2014) found that, over a ten-year period, only 1.3% of articles published in leading educational-psychology journals focused on race. This troubling statistic is reflective of educational psychology, as a field, often lagging behind its disciplinary counterparts in expressly examining issues of race and racism (often adversely) impacting the learning experiences of all students and students of color, in particular. We propose to convene this meeting as an initial step toward rectifying this lag. We hope to invite senior and emerging scholars, within educational psychology and beyond, to set the course for developing an anti-racist program of research in educational psychology. We hope to invite (a) editors of leading journals in educational psychology, (b) researchers persisting to conduct anti-racist research within educational psychology, and (c) scholars, beyond educational psychology, at the forefront of developing critical-race and culturally-responsive perspectives on educational practice. This interdisciplinary group of scholars will be asked to engage with two foundational questions, one theoretical and one applied: (a) what is anti-racist research in educational psychology? and (b) how can researchers, in a predominantly White field, develop an anti-racist program of research in educational psychology?

A is for Attendance: A First, National Research Conference Addressing School Absenteeism
Principal Investigator(s): Michael Gottfried (University of Pennsylvania), Sarah Lenhoff (Wayne State University), Joshua Childs (University of Texas, Austin)
Award Date: 7/1/2021 – 6/30/2022
Conference Date: TBD

Missing school cripples the growth and development of our students. We know this because a growing body of researchers have examined both the causes and consequences of student absenteeism. The research field continues to emerge, yet there are two shortcomings that this conference will address. First, there has been no opportunity in the attendance research field for cross-discipline, in-depth discussion to establish the state of current attendance research and a future research agenda. Second, school absenteeism is even more critical now, as the U.S. begins to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and districts begin to better understand school attendance and its importance. To address these shortcomings, our proposed conference is designed to share existing research findings and impact research, intentionally supporting discussion in ways that bridge the gap of research across the early childhood and K-12 sectors, while exploring the new directions that attendance research needs to go in order to address the post-pandemic school context. The goal of this conference is to bring together scholars who study school absenteeism from different disciplinary perspectives to take stock of the research evidence most relevant in the post-pandemic context and map out a research agenda on absenteeism for the next five years.

Holistic Admissions in Global Context: Access, Diversity, and Diffusion
Principal Investigator(s): Michael Bastedo (University of Michigan)
Award Period: 7/1/2021 – 6/30/2022
Conference Date: TBD

This working conference will bring together leading scholars to share ongoing research on the diffusion of holistic admissions practices around the world. While many people assume that national exams like the gaokao (China), the suneung (South Korea), and the concours (France) exclusively drive admissions decision-making in countries outside the United States, many countries have adopted holistic admissions practices similar to U.S. institutions, and some have used them for a substantial proportion of incoming students for over 20 years. Many of these countries face similar challenges related to college access, admissions transparency, and the potential for corruption.  The researchers who currently investigate these admissions practices are spread throughout the world, and have had little opportunity to share their work and develop opportunities for collaborative inquiry that would move the field forward. Working within and across groups, participants will develop a multidisciplinary and global perspective on admissions practices. The ultimate goal is to inspire a robust, global community of admissions researchers who will inspire a research agenda for the field for many years to come. The presented research will be compiled for an edited volume on global admissions practices to be published for an international audience.

Computer Science for Multilingual Students
Principal Investigator(s): Mark Warschauer (University of California, Irvine)
Award Date: 11/1/2020 – 11/30/2021
Conference Date:  4/1-2/2021

This conference will bring together researchers and practitioners to contribute to our understanding of the linguistic and sociocultural processes that help multilingual students succeed in mastering computational thinking. The objectives of the convening are three-fold: First, to share research findings emerging from these efforts, including successes and challenges in implementing district-wide initiatives focusing on teaching computational thinking to linguistically diverse students; second, discuss challenges in assessing work that stems from this highly nascent and emerging field and generate innovative solutions to address those research challenges; and, finally, to document and disseminate promising strategies to support multilingual students’ success in the field of computer science. The convening will allow researchers from across the nation to bridge two main research areas: 1) established findings focusing on multilingual students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics, and 2) emerging research on broadening participation in computer science. By providing opportunities for these two learning communities to come together, we will develop a shared vision for how research can support multilingual learners in computer science, while emphasizing the need for developing empirical studies that will generate strong evidence in support of these goals.

Locating the Geographies of Black Girlhoods in Education Research
Principal Investigator(s): Esther Ohito (Rutgers University), Allison LeGarry-Cahoon (University of North Carolina), and Sherry Deckman (City University of New York)
Award Period: 10/15/2020 – 10/31/2022
Conference Date: 10/8-9/2021

There has been an increase in education research on Black girls, much of which necessarily irradiates the miseducation received by this group, and the specific harms that this population endures as a direct result of dominant (mis)perceptions. However, within this scholarship, the category and construction of Black girlhood itself is rarely robustly theorized and/or articulated as contested beyond topical references to fixed notions of race and gender. This conference contributes to education research that prompts engagements with Black girlhood as an inherently dynamic and plural category by functioning as a venue for examining the philosophical, sociological, historical, and other foundational contexts of the geographies, genders, and sexualities of Black girlhoods. Conference participants will disrupt the metanarrative of Black girlhood as a singular category by irradiating how geographies (specificity of context and location or situatedness in space and place), as well as the expansiveness and expressiveness of genders and sexualities, intersect with other identities (e.g., race, class, dis/ability, religion, ethnicity, etc.) to shape Black school-aged girls’ multiplicitous experiences of Black girlhoods. Scholarship generated will provide researchers and organizational stakeholders with tools useful for complicating and expanding orientations and approaches to curricula, pedagogies, policies, and/or programs for varied types of Black girls.

Advancing Professional Development School (PDS) Research: Exploring a Collaborative National Research Agenda
Principal Investigator(s): Susan Ogletree (Georgia State University), Linda A. Catelli (City University of New York at Queens College), Rebecca West Burns (University of North Florida), Gwendolyn Benson (Georgia State University), Jenna Dresden (George Mason University), and William Curlette (Georgia State University).
Award Date: 10/1/2020 – 12/31/2022
Conference Date: 1/19-21/2022

Developed by Georgia State University and the PDS Research Special Interest Group of the AERA and building upon the Spencer Foundation Conference Grant (2019) received by the University of South Carolina to explore and promote PDS research and scholarship across the Southeastern United States, this three-day conference focuses on advancing PDS research by capitalizing on the collective PDS knowledge that comes out of the Spencer Foundation Conference Grant to begin to build a collaborative, national school-university partnership research agenda. Scholars, researchers and practitioners from different regions, representing diverse perspectives and varied domains of inquiry and methodology will convene to present their views, theories, research and research approaches. They will collaborate during intense working seminars to prioritize promising research strategies, topics and questions. The major objectives are to:

  •  Build an initial, collaborative National School-University PDS Research Agenda.
  •  Increase the participants’ research capacity.
  •  Increase the participants’ grant writing capacity.
  • Create teams of participants who will agree on shared research questions to investigate.

This groundbreaking conference aims to produce a book which includes a national research agenda that will not only foster greater collaboration and coordination among researchers and practitioners but also lead to improved research in and on PDSs and school-university partnerships.

Anti-Racist Critical Methodology Curriculum Design Working Conference Proposal
Principal Investigator(s): Michael Russell (Boston College University) and Katherine Reynolds (Boston College University)
Award Period: 10/1/2020 – 10/31/2022
Conference Dates: 6/28/21 & 8/2/2021

To support the development of the next generations of researchers who engage in research sensitive to and focused on issues of racism and the many other forms of oppression, a new research methodology curriculum that embraces an anti-racist critical frame is needed. This past summer, a working conference conducted over a six-week period gathered scholars with a diverse array of specializations who have engaged in these lines of research to initiate the development of an anti-racist critical methodology curriculum. Specifically, this conference worked toward two main objectives: 1) Identifying essential questions students should continually reflect on as they explore, adopt, and apply anti-racist critical methodology; and 2) Identifying existing curricular materials (e.g., seminal readings, research experiences, assessments) and resources in need of development in order to provide students participating in anti-racist critical methodology research training programs with more through and focused learning experiences.

Bridging the Rainbow Gap: Transcending Disciplinary Boundaries in K-12 and Higher Education LGBTQ Scholarship
Principal Investigator(s): Kamden Strunk (Auburn University); Antonio Duran (Florida International University), and Ryan Schey (the University of Iowa)
Award Period: 10/1/2020 – 8/31/2022
Conference Date: 8/1-4/20/2021

In recent decades, there has been growth in queer and trans studies in educational research, with independent subfields emerging in K-12 and higher education. Though scholars in each area have generated valuable knowledge, these subfields have developed in parallel rather than in conjunction, with each subfield having its distinct foundational literature, methodological and theoretical traditions, research questions, premier research journals and conferences, and so forth. This disconnect has resulted in a theory-to-practice divide where often scholarship fails to translate across these K-12 and higher education spheres, as do the ways that educators and scholars work with students, faculty, staff, and organizations. This research conference sought to intervene in these disconnects by bringing together a range of emerging and established scholars in K-12 and higher education research who focus on queer and trans studies. It brought researchers into shared conversations around areas of interests and research phenomena rather than using educational contexts as organizational heuristics. In doing so, the conference fostered new knowledge generation and translation into practice in the short term. In the long term, it has helped initiate a convergent set of scholarly conversations that will disrupt the previous disconnects across subfields as it relates to research and practice.

Indigenous-Language Immersion and Native American Student Achievement: A Symposium to Advance New Research and Innovative Education Practice
Principal Investigator(s): Teresa L. McCarty (University of California, Los Angeles), Sheilah E. Nicholas (University of Arizona), Tiffany S. Lee (University of New Mexico), and Michael Seltzer (University of California, Los Angeles)
Award Period: 10/1/2020 – 10/31/2022
Conference Dates: 7/7-8/2022

This symposium brings together university-based researchers and education practitioners to examine a new national database on Indigenous-language immersion (ILI) schooling. More than a single instructional intervention, ILI is a holistic approach aimed at revitalizing and sustaining endangered Indigenous languages simultaneously with the promotion of academic parity and the well-being of students’ cultural communities. This approach has more than three decades of implementation history. Yet, prior to this study, no systematic national database existed. How, when, for whom, and under what conditions is ILI beneficial? What are the implications for education policy and practice for underserved Native American and other minoritized learners? These questions drive the national study and anchor the symposium. Although the numbers of ILI programs are relatively small, this unique database offers a rich opportunity to examine the effects of complex, holistic, community-based education innovations for diverse, historically underserved learners. The two-day symposium, to be administered through UCLA, will be held in June 2021 in Santa Monica, CA. The symposium will pair the presentation of data from the national study with presentations by ILI case study Partner Site participants, who will share promising practices, implementation challenges, and how those challenges are being addressed. This will be followed by interactive roundtables intended to (1) foster new research-practice collaborations among partner sites and the research team; (2) expand innovative methods for work with Indigenous schools; and (3) generate an action plan for the dissemination of findings. This structure is intended to refine and sharpen the study’s findings, promote knowledge-sharing and professional network-building among Indigenous education practitioners and researchers, and support the uptake of findings in practice and policy-relevant ways. The symposium will lead to an edited volume on new ILI research and innovative pedagogical practices and to collective projects, policy initiatives, and other publications by symposium participants.

Civic Studies: The University as Civic Catalyst
Principal Investigator(s): Tania D. Mitchell (University of Minnesota), Trygve Throntveit (Minnesota Humanities Center), Harry Chatten Boyte (Augsburg University), Shigeo Kodama (University of Tokyo)
Award Date: 2/1/2020 – 7/31/2022
Conference Date: 12/3-4/2021

The past fifteen years has seen the emergence of a new transdisciplinary field: “Civic Studies.” The field emerged from the collaborative inquiry of scholars disturbed by citizens’ declining capacities to act as empowered, responsible, and productive co-creators of a democratic way of life. Embracing diverse intellectual and practical fields, Civic Studies is a theoretically rigorous yet publicly responsive effort to equip individuals and communities to act effectively, across differences, toward common goals—an objective requiring reform within educational institutions that purport to prepare capable citizens while also serving their local and global communities.

This conference investigates the potential for public and publicly-oriented institutions of higher education to theorize, popularize, and realize the goals of Civic Studies. Organized on a case-study model, it convenes citizen-scholars from across the United States and abroad whose institutions are incubating transformative change in a Civic-Studies vein. Our goals are to: 1) produce an edited volume introducing Civic Studies and the concept of academic civic catalysis to strategic audiences; 2) distill lessons from our case studies into a provisional organizing framework that can inspire and guide other academic institutions and communities; and 3) formulate plans and build a funding case for a national Civic-Studies initiative.

Problematizing What We Know about the Recruitment and Retention of Staff of Color: The Significance of Race and Place
Principal Investigator(s): Deanna Hill (Drexel University), Kristine Grant (Drexel University), Circe Stumbo (Creative Corridor Center for Equity), and Mandi Bozarth (Creative Corridor Center for Equity) 
Award Period:  12/1/2019 – 12/31/2020
Conference Date: 2/5-6/2020

This conference convened 25 education researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and human resource professionals to examine what we know and don’t know about the recruitment and retention of teachers of color in U.S. schools. In the spring of 2020, conference participants met at Drexel University to address limitations in the research base and discuss how to design meaningful research around the recruitment and retention of teachers of color that (a) centers race in the analysis and goes beyond the White/non-White binary to provide more nuanced insights; (b) considers how rural, suburban, and urban contexts may matter differently for teachers of color; and (c) deepens quantitative data collection questions regarding recruitment and retention of teachers of color. Deliverables included a conference report and a call of action to the field with considerations and recommendations for conducting research that centers both race and place. The call to action was designed as a webpage to engage the conference participants and the greater field in ongoing conversations about the conference findings.

Improving Data for School Discipline Research: Reducing Exclusionary Discipline to Improve Equity
Principal Investigator(s) F. Chris Curran (University of Florida)
Award Date: 12/1/2019 – 12/31/21
Conference Date: 10/17-19/2021

Mounting evidence on the negative impacts of exclusionary discipline practices like suspension and their inequitable application have resulted in numerous recent school discipline reforms. Research has the potential to inform these debates and guide practice; however, school discipline research is often limited by the availability of data. The purpose of this conference is to bring together individuals working on discipline research to envision improved school discipline data collection. Through a series of interactive sessions, participants will discuss the pressing questions for understanding and improving school discipline as well as the data needed to answer these questions. Opportunities for researchers with access to novel discipline data to forge collaborative partnerships with other researchers will be available as well as opportunities for researchers to discuss available data and data needs with state and district personnel. At its conclusion, the conference will yield recommendations for enhanced data collection that can reduce the use of ineffective practices and enhance equity.

Performance Funding in Higher Education: Connecting 40 Years of Policy, Research, & Practice
Principal Investigator(s): Manuel Gonzalez Canche (The University of Pennsylvania), Kathleen Shaw (Research for Action), Laura W. Perna (The University of Pennsylvania), Steven Pittenger Gentile (Tennessee Higher Education Commission), Joni E. Finney (The University of Pennsylvania), and David A. Tandberg (Education Executive Officers Association)
Award Period: 11/21/19 – 2/28/21
Conference Date: 6/2020

In 1979, Tennessee became the first state to experiment with performance funding in higher education, in the 40 years that followed, 35 states adopted a form of performance funding, and research on the antecedents, design, and implications of these policies proliferated. Today, at least 10 more states are considering or developing these policies. Despite legislative action, research gaps exist in the conceptualization and understanding of performance funding across states. Particularly concerning, as pointed by recent studies, is the overwhelming paucity of scholarship in the areas of access, equity, and transparency.

Sponsored by the American Education Research Association, the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education will host a conference in June 2022 called “Performance Funding in Higher Education: Connecting 40 Years of Policy, Research, and Practice.

This meeting seeks to

  1. Convene a group of researchers, policymakers, and private actors around performance funding issues;
  2. Foster connections between researchers, policymakers and foundation partners;
  3. Produce rigorous, accessible, and methodologically-diverse papers on performance funding; and
  4. Disseminate papers in an AERA-edited volume and policy briefs surrounding critical areas of scholarship on performance funding, including access and equity, design and implementation, and evaluation and transparency for use by practitioners and philanthropic organizations.

Professional Learning Networks (PLNs) In Education: Tearing down boundaries for school and system improvement
Principal Investigator(s): Alan J. Daly (University of California, San Diego), Cindy Poortman (University of Twente, the Netherlands), Chris Brown (University of Portsmouth, England), and Joelle Rodway (Memorial University, Canada)
Award Date: 7/1/2018 – 8/31/2019
Conference Dates: 7/16-18/2019

There is an international focus on school improvement to better prepare youth for the demands of the 21st century. In a fast-changing world, individuals must be capable of constantly learning and improving through collaboration. Today’s students need to be prepared for this reality, with teachers correspondingly required to be high-level knowledge workers who constantly advance their own knowledge and that of the profession. In this respect, there is a growing focus on the collaborative power of inter-school social capital. There is still a lot to learn about this process of professional collaboration and influencing conditions. We focused on three identified challenges: 1) conceptual clarity; 2) a theoretical framework for studying both depth and breadth of learning in PLNs; and 3) methodological development for moving beyond singular, self-report approaches. This research conference brought together international research and practitioner input from specific areas and disciplines (e.g., evidence use in PLNs, healthcare networks), perspectives (e.g., networks of teachers and/or policy makers), theoretical frameworks (e.g., learning, leadership) and methodologies (e.g., social network analysis, case study methodology) to discuss not only these three challenges, but also opportunities for collaboration.

Framing, Examining, and Charting the Landscape of Research on Teachers of Color and Indigenous Teachers
Principal Investigator(s): Conra D. Gist (University of Houston) and Travis J. Bristol (University of California, Berkeley)
Award Period: 3/20/18 – 8/1/2019
Conference Dates: 4/11-12/18 & 11/12-13/18

Given the research produced on Teachers of Color and Indigenous Teachers over the past forty years (Villegas & Irvine, 2010), there is great urgency  to chart the landscape of research on Teachers of Color and Indigenous Teachers across the teacher development continuum in eleven research domains (i.e., recruitment, program design & preparation, minority serving institutions, mentorship, professional development, teacher attrition and retention, teacher induction & human development, intersectionality of race & gender, pedagogical practice and leadership, educational impact, & policy; minority serving institutions for Teachers of Color). The goal of this conference proposal is to convene leading scholars to identify and synthesize key lessons from past research and chart directions for the field across a teacher development continuum. The outcomes of this proposal will be:  (a) generating research aligned to the domains of inquiry related to ethnoracial diversity across the teacher development continuum; (b) developing an advisory board of key governmental and non-governmental stakeholders critical for the dissemination and application of research; (c) organizing a final research convening in which manuscripts across the teacher development continuum are presented and shared; and (d) editing and publishing of a Handbook of Research on Teachers of Color and Indigenous Teachers.

#Cloud2Class: Exploring the Disruption and Reorganization of Educational Resources in the Age of Social Media
Principal Investigator(s): Christine Greenhow (Michigan State University)
Award Date: 12/31/2017 – 8/31/2019
Conference Date: 10/28-30/2018

Today, one-third of the world’s population use social media to find other people and resources for real-time information and connection across geographical, cultural and economic borders. In this growing social media space educational researchers, policymakers, administrators, teachers and others must better understand how to leverage online communities, communication, and collaboration. Those engaged in the work of education must bridge cloud to class, developing “network literacy” across physical schoolhouse boundaries, advancing professional knowledge, and distributing quality instructional resources within changing organizational contexts. This conference convenes an international, interdisciplinary group of influential researchers, policymakers and practitioners to create a research agenda in five key areas toward advancing understanding of the educational activities happening within and around social media, their connection to classroom and school practices, and their impact on teaching, learning, and school improvement efforts and policies. Outcomes include a research series and social media campaign. This will consist of a collection of published articles and critical commentaries from various participants/stakeholders that are disseminated through traditional and new channels. We envision this series being widely shared via print and social media. We have already garnered support for this dissemination strategy in the form of two special issues in the field of education’s premier journals.

Cognitive, Affective, and Socio-economic Pathways to Heterogeneity of Mathematical Skill over Development

Principal Investigator(s): Bruce D. McCandliss (Stanford University) and Teresa Iuculano (Stanford University)
Award Period: 8/1/2017-9/30/2018
Conference Date: May 24-25, 2018


The PIs will organize and host a series of three meetings centered around the theme of cognitive and affective neurocognitive underpinnings of mathematical learning and the implication for intervention throughout the elementary and middle school years. The main goal of these meetings will be to assess the contribution of distinct executive function and affective factors to individual differences in mathematical learning over development. The convenings will encourage discourse across multiple disciplines on the importance of developing neurocognitive models of mathematical learning that are highly comprehensive. Specifically, the PIs aim to create a forum to better contextualize the complex discipline of mathematics and its acquisition over development into broader neurocognitive models of cognitive and affective learning. By the end of the meeting, attendees will be able to think of mathematical learning as the end-product of multi-level systems of interactions at the brain level, including attention, inhibitory control, and working memory functions that are supported by uniquely-evolved regions in the human brain. Understanding how these brain systems interact specifically with the multiple learning challenges involved in the many educational challenges involved in mathematical development represents a current synthetic challenge for the field which can be specifically addressed by this convening.




Equity by Design: Expanding the Knowledge Base about Social Design-based Experiments
Principal Investigator(s): Kris D. Gutierrez (University of California, Berkeley) and Elizabeth Mendoza (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Award Period: 8/1/2017-9/30/2018
Conference Date: September 2017


Within the field of learning and development, there is growing consensus on how people learn. Rather than understood as an individual pursuit, learning is conceptualized as a socioculturally mediated phenomenon. Building on the substantive body of seminal research on “everyday cognition” and “situated learning” that set the foundation for present day notions of learning as culturally-mediated, and grounded in the everyday practices” of people, this conference will bring together an intergenerational group of cross-disciplinary learning researchers experienced with the learning sciences, design and community-based research, expansive theories of learning and culture, and disciplinary-based inquiry to study and elaborate a design-based approach to working with non-dominant communities—social design-based experiments (SDBE). Drawing on a body of empirical work on social design-based experiments and other related approaches that have had remarkable sustainability, methodological rigor, and success for the youth from non-dominant communities, the conference will identify, theorize and expand the design principles which undergird SDBE to examine the methodological, historical, theoretical, imperatives and commitments that characterize social design-based experiments. The gatherings will push forward understandings and methods of SDBEs, and to leverage what is learned to a wider audience of scholars through published scholarship, webinars, and workshops.




Volatility in State Spending for Higher Education
Principal Investigator(s): Jennifer A. Delaney (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Award Period: 8/1/2017-9/30/2018
Conference Date: June 4-5, 2018


Most discussions of public higher education finance focus on the levels of funding, but too little attention is paid to the consequences of volatility in funding. This research conference is designed to stimulate new knowledge that improves the research base for understanding changes in state support for higher education. The conference is structured to provide a space for interaction between a broad set of academic researchers, and those in policy organizations and think tanks, to create new, original work in this area. The conference will provide opportunities for networking and in-depth feedback from both scholarly and policy perspectives. The goals of the conference are to stimulate new, original, theoretically-grounded, methodologically-rigorous, high-quality research on volatility in state support for higher education; Second, provide networking space to develop a community of diverse scholars interested in related research who use variety of disciplinary, methodological, and theoretical frameworks;  encourage connections between these scholars and policymakers who have vested interests in the public provision of higher education; and to produce a compelling edited volume. Research findings will also be released through a policy brief that translates relevant academic research for use by policymakers.





Equitably Resourced Public Schools
Principal Investigator(s): Jeannie Oakes (Learning Policy Institute)
Award Period: 3/1/2017-3/31/2018
Conference Date: May 2017


Public schools in communities harmed by increasing inequality, poverty and segregation struggle to support children to surmount the barriers they face to school success. They do so today in the face of more ambitious educational goals (preparing all students for college and career); a scaledback federal role (under Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)); shrinking state education budgets; and outdated and sometimes arbitrary funding systems that perpetuate disparities and fail to acknowledge the out-ofschool barriers to learning that are concentrated in distressed communities. Critical questions include what resources are needed in various types of communities to achieve today’s ambitious education goals, how should funds be distributed, and how can funds be used most wisely. This research conference will convene 30 national scholars who have recognized the need both for 1) new concepts of resource equity that align with the growing recognition that educational success is a function of a combination of in and outofschool factors and, consequently, 2) more comprehensive empirical research to inform policymakers’ and the public’s education funding decisions. The outcome of the conference will be a set of papers that lay out a multidisciplinary, multilevel research agenda, including new, promising research questions and methods for exploring the efficacy and cost of resources and interventions—both in and out of school—meant to reduce the impact of poverty and inequality on students’ schooling outcomes.




Policy, Practice, and Long-Term Outcomes: The Current State and Future Directions of Research for Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities
Principal Investigator(s): Julia M. White (Syracuse University), Meghan Cosier (Trinity Washington University), John McDonnell (University of Utah), Mary Morningstar (University of Kansas), Diane Ryndak (University of North Carolina at Greensboro), and Qiu Wang (Syracuse University)
Award Period: 12/1/2016-12/31/2017
Conference Date: October 20-22, 2017


How to improve post-school outcomes for students with significant cognitive disabilities (SWSCD) must be at the forefront of critical issues in special education policy and practice. There is a dearth of research related to long-term outcomes associated with instructional practices, supports, services, and interventions for SWSCD, leaving practitioners and researchers with few tools to address these outcomes in meaningful ways. In addition, the recent reauthorization of the Every Student Succeeds Act mandates quality long-term outcomes for SWSCD. Along with mandating quality long-term outcomes, ESSA also redefined “evidence” in ways that support the use of multiple methods of inquiry for “high quality research findings… and… ongoing efforts to examine the effects of … activit[ies], strateg[ies], [and] intervention[s]” (§8101[21][A][ii][I]&[II]). This conference will convene nationally-renowned researchers and leading scholars in the field of special education to engage in the development and design of new approaches to researching factors that impact the improved long-term outcomes for SWSCD through: (1) assessing the quality of the evidence base related to instruction and outcomes for SWSCD; (2) achieving a collective understanding of the extant research and the use of research methods for studying long-term outcomes for SWSCD; (3) considering the expanded definition of “evidence” for future research; and (4) developing a research agenda and designing programs of research to determine the relationships among improved long-term outcomes for SWSCD and the contexts in which students receive special education services (e.g., access to general education contexts, self-contained classes and schools). Results will then be disseminated to the field through a book, a conference report, and presentations.




Use of Innovative Technology to Build Engaging Motivational Interventions for Diverse Learners
Principal Investigator(s): Sungok Serena Shim (Ball State University), Teomara Rutherford (North Carolina State University), and Sandra Graham (University of California, Los Angeles)
Award Period: 12/15/2016-11/30/2017
Conference Date: May 21-23, 2017


Motivational intervention has received much attention from the public, policy makers, educators, and researchers. The link between increasing student motivation and improved academic outcomes is an intuitive one, and, on average, these interventions have yielded tangible boosts in student achievement. However, work remains to ensure that such interventions have the maximum impact. We have identified four shortcomings of the existing motivational interventions: a) They address a limited set of motivational constructs, b) available intervention strategies mostly rely on non-engaging activities, c) learner diversity is considered as a moderator of interventions, rather than foundation for design, and d) school partners serve as receiver of the intervention, rather than active development partners. To address these shortcomings, this conference will convene 14 scholars from the field of motivation, technology, and developmental psychology. In addition, 6 school leaders who are eager to implement an innovative motivational intervention will be invited and participate in the dialogue. At this conference, the currently available programs will be scrutinized, and the future directions will be brainstormed. The ultimate outcome of the conference is a concrete action plan to develop one or more comprehensive motivational interventions that takes advantage of the full potential of technology while addressing various motivational challenges.




Comprehensive Services for Children in Poverty: Setting the Research Agenda for Integrated Student Support
Principal Investigator(s): Mary E. Walsh (Boston College) and Erin Sibley (Boston College)
Award Period: 12/15/2016-12/31/2017
Conference Date: October 2017


In high-poverty, urban school districts across America, children face challenges outside of school that impede their success inside of school and in life. Research spanning a half century confirms children’s lives outside of school are critical determinants of their achievement in school, accounting for up to two-thirds of the variance in student achievement. Integrated student support, a school-based approach to promoting student achievement by coordinating supports and services to target both academic and non-academic barriers to achievement, shows exceptional promise for children growing up in the context of poverty. This conference will bring together 20-25 experts in the still-emerging field of integrated student support. A number of integrated student support approaches have been implemented in elementary and high schools across the country, but empirical research is still in its infancy. Strongly grounded in developmental-contextual theory, integrated student supports have shown promise to help impoverished students succeed in school. This is a critically important conversation at this point in time for a number of reasons. First, we now have an enhanced understanding of the influences of poverty and trauma on learning, and how these impacts can be mitigated. Second, there is an emerging body of empirical research demonstrating positive child outcomes. Finally, there has been a recent proliferation of attempts to meet the complex needs of children in schools. Additionally, the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 includes language recognizing the importance of integrated student supports to improve student outcomes. The conference will 1) consolidate what we know about integrated student supports, based on theoretical and empirical research, 2) determine gaps in the research that still exist, and 3) establish a national research agenda to drive the next decade of policy and practice related to these comprehensive approaches.




Improving Research-Based Knowledge of College Promise Programs
Principal Investigator(s): Laura Perna (University of Pennsylvania)
Award Period: 12/15/2016-12/31/2017
Conference Date: October 2017


Over the last decade, but especially in the past few years, programs with a “promise” label have been advanced at the local, state, and federal levels. An emerging body of research begins to shed light on various aspects of these programs, but too little is known about the full range of program outcomes or the ideal structure or design of programs serving different groups of students. This research conference will address this knowledge need. The conference is designed to stimulate the production of theoretically-grounded, methodologically-rigorous research that improves understanding of the effects of college promise programs on a broad range of outcomes and the optimal design of college promise programs for promoting higher education access and attainment for underserved students. The conference will convene a diverse group of researchers and potential users of the research (policymakers and practitioners) to discuss and provide feedback on draft research findings and identify fruitful directions for additional research into the future. The conference is expected to achieve the following goals: 1. Develop a community of researchers examining college promise programs that includes scholars from diverse backgrounds and a range of career ages, and with diverse institutional affiliations, disciplinary perspectives, and methodological approaches. 2. Foster connections between scholars interested in examining college promise programs and policymakers and practitioners who are designing, operating, and funding these programs. 3. Produce high-quality scholarly papers that will be published in an edited volume by AERA or another academic/scholarly entity; and 4. Produce and disseminate a policy brief that provides easy-to-understand, research-based insights for policymakers, university and program administrators, funders, and other stakeholders interested in college promise programs.




Studying Systemic Efforts to Improve Educational Outcomes for Black and Latino Males
Principal Investigator(s): Rosann Tung (Brown University) and Adriana Villavicencio (New York University)
Award Period: 12/15/2016-12/31/2017
Conference Date: September 21-22, 2017


This conference will bring together researchers and practitioners from cities that are implementing mature, intentional, systemic initiatives focused on Black and Latino male educational opportunity and attainment. The objectives of the convening are three-fold: First, to provide a space to share research findings emerging from these efforts, including successes and challenges in implementing district-wide initiatives focused on Black and Latino males. Second, to allow researchers to discuss challenges in assessing this type of work and generate creative solutions to address those research challenges. Finally, to begin documenting and sharing promising strategies to support Black and Latino male students on their pathway to high school graduation and college success. The convening will allow researchers and practitioners from seven states and districts to identify both commonalities and differences across systemic initiatives for Black and Latino males, and to develop a shared vision for how research can support and improve these efforts. By providing the opportunity for this cross-site learning community to come together and learn from one another’s efforts, the conference can contribute significantly to what we know about supporting the educational attainment of young men of color, while emphasizing the urgency of building strong evidence to help meet that goal.




Inequality in Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills: An International Comparison of Policy and Practice
Principal Investigator(s): Russell Rumberger (University of California, Santa Barbara) and Stephen Lamb(Victoria University)
Award Period: 11/1/2016-11/30/2017
Conference Date: Summer 2017


International comparisons using international datasets such as PISA, TIMSS and PIRLS show that there are large differences between countries in the extent to which socio-economic status (SES) is correlated with cognitive skills in reading, mathematics and science. Some countries achieve high levels of cognitive skill development combined with high levels of equity, while others reveal substantial inequality. Less attention has been paid, internationally, to the area of non-cognitive skills, such as resilience, motivation, interpersonal and intrapersonal skills, despite recent work pointing to such skills being just as important as cognitive skills in shaping student outcomes and how well young people relate to school and society. This leads to a number of questions. To what extent are there differences between countries in the development of non-cognitive skills among students? Do differences across countries vary by student SES? What is the interplay between cognitive and non-cognitive skills and student SES and does this vary by school system? What might account for differences across school systems? This conference seeks to gain a deeper understanding of the extent of SES (and other group) differences in cognitive and non-cognitive skills of students in 14 cities across the world and to identify the structures, policies, factors and practices that mitigate or exacerbate these differences. It will do this by drawing together researchers from different cities participating in the International Study of City Youth (ISCY) to take part in a three-day structured program of workshops and plenary sessions around comparisons of school systems with presentations on illustrative case studies of policy and practice. The major output from the conference will be an edited book providing an international comparative analysis of differences in skill development, as well as chapters profiling different systems and policies and practice.




Fairness in Educational and Psychological Tests: Critical Issues and Methodological Solutions
Principal Investigator(s): Jessica Jonson (University of Nebraska-Lincoln) and Kurt Geisinger (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
Award Period: 11/1/2016-10/31/2017
Conference Date: October 12-13, 2017


A substantive change to the 2014 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing was the elevation of fairness in testing as a foundational element of professional practice in addition to validity and reliability. The Standards endorse the view that all steps in the testing process—including test design, validation, development, administration, and scoring procedures—should be addressed in a manner as to minimize construct-irrelevant variance and to promote valid score interpretations for the intended uses for all examinees in the intended population. Therefore, this conference will highlight and attempt to advance current scholarship on critical issues and best practice methodologies for investigating fairness in educational and psychological tests. Although the Standards provide general guidelines for testing practice, the Standards do not cite key empirical or methodological scholarship related to recommendations or include examples or recommendations for practice. Therefore, the goals for this conference are to: identify critical fairness issues addressed by the Standards and important to testing in different professional fields; share empirical or methodological scholarship for investigating fairness across different types of educational and psychological tests; and identify gaps in research or practice to encourage advancements in how fairness evidence is gathered, used, and documented for tests. Potential issues to be discussed may include fairness procedures for test design and development, validation of score interpretations for intended uses and intended populations, accommodations, and safeguards against inappropriate scores interpretations.




A National Research Conference on Food and Housing Insecurity in Higher Education
Principal Investigator(s): Sara Goldrick-Rab (Temple University)
Award Period: 11/1/2016-12/31/2017
Conference Date: October 23-24, 2017


Recent research shows an alarming trend on college campuses: an increasing number of students report that they are struggling in college, sometimes even dropping out, because they cannot afford a consistent roof over their heads and enough food to eat. To better understand the causes of material hardship among undergraduates, and more importantly, to discover and evaluate potential solutions, this conference will convene 25-30 researchers studying food and housing insecurity in higher education. The goals of the conference will be to (1) advance scholarship into the prevalence and impacts of undergraduate food and housing insecurity and interventions designed to address it, (2) spur new thinking on the implications of housing and food insecurity in higher education for the meaning of college, the role of colleges in society, and the concept of college affordability, and (3) connect researchers to others in the field to galvanize new research and data collection. The invited researchers include scholars who are actively producing studies on the topic of material hardship among college students, from the fields of education, public health, sociology, psychology and counseling psychology, social work, policy, public administration, and economics. Most participants will present unpublished research into the prevalence and impacts of student food and housing insecurity or, more commonly, means to address it. Researchers will take part in panels focused on subtopics, each with a discussant. Click here for the conference website.




Cross-National Exploration of Principals’ Time Use: Patterns, Causes, and Effects
Principal Investigator(s): Moosung Lee (University of Canberra)
Award Period: 12/30/2015-6/30/2017
Conference Date: August 2016


This conference aimed to deepen our understanding of principal time-use and thereby to advance current knowledge of principal leadership across different countries. Specifically, the conference aimed to 1) capture common or particular patterns and effects of principal time-use across countries, 2) identify common or major causes that shape principal time-use across countries, 3) revisit the dominant theoretical model of principal leadership effects, 4) contribute to developing a new research direction, 5) develop a framework of data collection and related analytical tools of principal time-use that can be widely applied to contexts of different countries and 6) provide insights and guiding principles for policymakers and principals in terms of school improvement. To this end, the conference organizing committee invited 26 leading and emerging scholars in the field of educational leadership and administration from different countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, Oceania, North and South America. To maximize scholarly benefits from the diversity of the participants in terms of geographical foci, disciplinary backgrounds, methodological approaches, and theoretical stances, the conference took a mixed-form of plenary presentations and intensive research workshops for two and a half days. The major outcomes of the conference will include: 1) a conference report, 2) conference materials, 3) research networking, and 4) an edited book.




Making as Learning: Tinkering, Innovating, and Making In and Out of School
Principal Investigator(s): Peter Wardrip (Children's Museum of Pittsburgh), Lisa Brahms (Children's Museum of Pittsburgh), and Kevin Crowley (University of Pittsburgh)
Award Period: 12/1/2015-12/31/2016
Conference Date: Spring 2016


Making, defined as building or adapting objects using real tools and real materials has emerged as an engaging entry point and activity for STEM education. In turn, there has been substantial attention given to making by various governmental agencies and the White House. Yet, as an emerging field, the practice of making is ahead of the research. In particular, there is very little research on the learning that takes place through making to support the fervor behind making. Building on a recent meeting on making and maker research, the Children’s Museum of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh partnered to organize a research conference that was focused specifically on making as a learning activity. With a combination of invited researchers, additional researchers, practitioners and funders, this research meeting had two primary objectives: First, it aimed to build a common research agenda on making as a learning process and makerspaces as sites of learning. Second, it identified connections between making phenomenon and extent educational research areas, and facilitated the diffusion of research knowledge into practice. Ultimately, this work will build a community of researchers around the phenomenon on making and learning.




Getting CTE Right: New Methods and Strategic Partnerships
Principal Investigator(s): Daniel Kreisman (Georgia State University) and Shaun Dougherty (University of Connecticut)
Award Period: 7/15/2015-7/31/2016
Conference Date: August 27-28, 2015


Education policy makers have increased their focus on both college and career readiness in recent years, so much so that this new focus is built into the Common Core Standards. This change in focus has also increased the consideration of career and technical education as a means to contribute to developing career readiness. Despite the renewed policy attention, there is woefully little high-quality research aimed at understanding the impact of participating in career and technical education in the K-12 system. That is, unlike core subjects, there is little consensus and even less empirical evidence on what constitutes success in CTE or how CTE instructor quality should be measured, amongst other pressing methodological issues. This conference directly addressed these challenges by: i) presenting ongoing research on CTE in the K-12 sector; ii) engaging researchers in a discussion concerning innovative evaluation methods for CTE; and iii) building bridges between researchers, policy makers, and research and evaluation offices of state and local educational agencies. The organizers expect that this conference will lead to new research partnerships between academics with expertise in CTE-related inquiry and agencies that both administer CTE programs and have a material interest in evaluating the impact of these programs on a variety of student outcomes. Facilitating these connections will lead to innovative evaluation strategies and research methodologies that will ultimately be utilized by future researchers as they seek to “get CTE right.”




The Educational Benefits of Diversity from Kindergarten through Graduate School: Educational Research for Policy and Practice in an Increasingly Diverse Nation
Principal Investigator(s): Amy Stuart Wells (Teachers College) and Roslyn Mickelson (University of North Carolina-Charlotte)
Award Period: 7/1/2015-12/31/2016
Conference Date: 2016


There are several heretofore disconnected, but powerful and persuasive bodies of educational research literature related to what the courts have called “the educational benefits of diversity” (Grutter v. Bollinger, 2003; Comfort v. Lynn School Committee, 1st Cir. 2005). The goal of this conference was to organize a small working group of these otherwise disconnected educational scholars to build a new network within AERA that can inform policy and practice in the 21st Century. The primary reason why this “educational benefits of diversity” network has not been formed in the past, despite the obvious need for it, is because these scholars and their work are dispersed across several disciplines and areas within the multi-dimensional field of education. Sociologists, psychologists, and social psychologists as well as experts in curriculum and teaching, educational leadership and educational policy have conducted research relevant to the educational benefits of diversity. At the same time, these educational researchers are focused on different levels of the educational system, with many conducting research on higher education and others focused mainly on k-12 education and/or pre-school education. What is needed is a working group conference or a “summit” on the educational benefits of diversity. The result of this two-day convening will be the framing of a powerful argument centered on what educational research has to say to policy makers and practitioners on these critical and timely issues. The conference will also establish a set of “next steps” for the nascent network that will include collaborative efforts to seek foundation and federal funding for inter-disciplinary projects moving forward.




Global Migration, Structural Inclusion, and Citizenship Education Across Nations: An International Conference
Principal Investigator(s): James Banks (University of Washington) 
Award Period: 3/1/2015-2/29/2016
Conference Date: June 22-26, 2015


Many students from ethnic, racial, linguistic, and religious minority groups have weak identifications with their nation-states because they feel structurally excluded and marginalized within their schools and nations. This international conference, co-sponsored by the Spencer Foundation, explored research, theory, and practice that revealed how citizenship education courses and programs can be re-conceptualized and changed so that they will help students from marginalized groups attain a sense of inclusion within their schools and nation-states, political efficacy, and clarified national identities. This conference consisted of papers that describe research and case studies of school civic education courses and programs in different nations. The goal of these courses and programs was to help students from diverse groups acquire a sense of structural inclusion within their nation-states and clarified national identities. An important outcome of this conference was a set of research questions, innovative research methods, and concepts that will contribute to interdisciplinary research related to global migration, structural inclusion, and civic education. Another intended outcome of this of this conference will be a book published by a major publisher that will consist of externally reviewed and revised versions of the conference papers.


Resulting AERA Publication: Citizenship Education and Global Migration: Implications for Theory, Research, and Teaching, James A. Banks (Editor)




Advancing Individual Differences Research on STEM Learning Opportunities: A National Conference
Principal Investigator(s): Michael Gerber and Michael Gottfried (University of California, Santa Barbara)
Award Period: 3/1/2015-2/29/2016
Conference Date: January 13-15, 2016


Although a substantial amount of research now exists on general questions regarding STEM education, only a limited research base exists that addresses the needs of students with disabilities in STEM. Without a unified research base, opportunities for these individuals to study and learn in STEM disciplines, as well as resulting work and career options, are highly curtailed. Moreover, the collection of researchers currently engaged in important foundational work on STEM learning and students with disabilities has only limited organized opportunities for them to identify each other, exchange information, study the findings of others, and initiate new collaborations and extensions of their current work. A modest, networked community has slowly begun to emerge, stimulated, in part, by larger-scale funded projects. Still, conference venues and publishing outlets remain less coherent than in other fields. Most critically, no coherent conceptual framework yet exists within which this emerging body of research can be organized and made visible as a guide to sustained investigations or new initiatives. This conference addressed these various needs and provided as an intellectual product a research framework useful both for the emerging community of researchers interested in STEM-learning and students with disabilities.




Maximizing the Affordances of Contemporary Technologies in Education (MATE)
Principal Investigator(s): Olusola Adesope, A.G. Rud, Richard Lamb, and Joy L. Egbert (Washington State University)
Award Period: 11/1/2014-10/31/2015
Conference date: October 1-2, 2015


Rapid advances in contemporary technologies are reshaping how students learn across the world. Today’s students are growing up in a world where technology is seemingly innate and contextually integrated into their daily experiences. Although efforts have focused on understanding new ways of using these technologies to meet educational goals, researchers are faced with enormous challenges in enhancing the use of these technologies to arouse student attention and improve motivation, engagement, and learning. This conference brought together leading researchers in new media and contemporary technologies for robust discussions to move the field of educational technology forward. Participants developed a research agenda to shape thinking and inspire rigorous studies to examine the effects of contemporary technology use on learning. The conference aimed not only to inspire new thinking but to develop a collaborative research agenda around technology use in higher education. Outcomes will be widely disseminated through a published volume, symposia at national and international conferences, and media releases. Click here for the conference website. 


News Coverage: “Conference Explores Teaching with Technology” (WSU News)





Using Time Diary Data in Education Research 
Principal Investigator(s): Seth Gershenson (American University)
Award Period: 11/1/2014-10/31/2015
Conference date: March 6-8, 2015


Rich time-use data from time-diary surveys are now available for more than 100 countries and social scientists from several disciplines are currently using such data to address a number of policy-relevant research questions. However, the education research community has been slow to utilize data from time diaries, despite the likelihood that education policies and interventions influence the time use, both in and out of school, of students, parents, and teachers. Furthermore, the ways in which students, parents, and teachers allocate their scarce time potentially influences students’ academic achievement, non-cognitive and social development, and long-run socioeconomic outcomes. The conference convened a diverse, interdisciplinary group of time-use researchers, time-diary surveyors, and education scholars with the dual intentions of discussing current education research that uses time-use data and shaping a future research agenda that utilizes time-use data to address important questions in education research. Click here for the conference website.




Research on Teaching and Learning Difficult Histories: Global Concepts and Contexts
Principal Investigator(s): Terrie Epstein (Hunter College-CUNY) and Carla Peck (University of Alberta)
Award Period: 11/1/2014-10/31/2015
Conference dates: June 24-26, 2015


The conference brought together historians, political scientists, sociologists and educational researchers from across the globe to break new ground on research related to teaching and learning difficult histories. By difficult histories, the organizers mean historical narratives and other forms (learning standards, curricular frameworks) that incorporate painful, traumatic and/or violent events into regional, national or global accounts of the past. Teaching and learning difficult histories is among the most complex and sensitive concerns in humanities education, yet necessary for reconciliation, social cohesion and judicious civic engagement. Research on teaching/learning difficult histories not only can assist in broadening and deepening young people’s historical and contemporary understandings. It also can enhance their civic identities as they learn to comprehend, reflect and act on the complexities of today's increasingly inter-dependent world.



Collaborative Research for Action and Equity in Education

Principal Investigator(s): Mark R. Warren (University of Massachusetts Boston)
Award Period: 7/1/2014-12/31/2015
Conference Date: April 30-May 1, 2015


This conference brought together education researchers who conduct collaborative research with community and education activists in support of change efforts to advance equity and justice in education. The purpose of the conference was to assess and advance the state of the growing field in collaborative research methods. Collaborative research is used as an umbrella label to include action research, participatory action research, youth participatory action research, community-based research, and other forms of engaged scholarship. What unites this field is its explicit attention to working with community, youth and/or educator activist groups pursuing change agendas focused on increasing equity and justice in education. Despite these similarities, scholars operate separately in their diverse methods, including disciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches and also qualitative and quantitative approaches. An important purpose of this conference was to build a more unified field. This conference brought collaborative researchers from diverse methods together to compare and contrast their approaches, share best practices, grapple with challenges and problems in the field, and, overall, assess and advance knowledge in the broader field.




Behavioral and Methodological Issues in Higher Education Rankings
Principal Investigator(s): Michael Feuer (George Washington University) and Henry Braun (Boston College)
Award Period: 12/15/2013-4/30/2015
Conference Date: November 5-6, 2014


The purpose of this two-and-a-half day conference was to explore methodological issues in the design and interpretation of higher education rankings and to advance the scientific basis of such rankings by incorporating more explicit consideration of behavioral assumptions and effects. The outcomes were: (i) a taxonomy of ranking systems in terms of their methodology and uses, and behavioral responses by institutions and other intended users; (ii) a compendium of the relevant methodological issues and the strategies that have been or might be employed to address them; (iii) a set of testable hypotheses about behavioral responses that may compromise the validity of rankings; and (iv) a preliminary set of experimental designs to test those hypotheses.




A Collaborative Conference to Expand and Reimagine the Nature of Vocabulary Assessment
Principal Investigator(s): Margaret McKeown (University of Pittsburgh), Judith Scott (ETS), Paul Deane(ETS), and Rene Lawless (ETS)
Award Period: 12/1/2013-11/30/2014
Conference Date: October 16-19, 2014

The conference sought to reimagine the nature of vocabulary assessment toward enhanced assessment practice and support of effective instruction in the era of the Common Core State Standards. The goal of the conference was to develop recommendations for teachers and researchers about productive ways to measure vocabulary knowledge and growth. It was organized around a set of framing questions within three broad themes–construct definition, assessment design, and educational impact. Anticipated outcomes of the conference include advancement of the field of vocabulary assessment by allowing researchers to better evaluate the results of vocabulary interventions and to more precisely understand the effects of vocabulary growth on literacy outcomes. A public research forum was held following the conference.




Policy and Politics of the Common Core
Principal Investigator(s): Jonathan Supovitz (University of Pennsylvania) and James Spillane(Northwestern University)
Award Period: 12/1/2013-4/30/2015
Conference Dates: February 20-21, 2014 and November 6-7, 2014


This conference brought together a nationally renowned and interdisciplinary group of scholars to develop, enact, and communicate research about the political context and the ways in which the Common Core State Standards movement is being implemented by policymakers and understood by practitioners. We will collectively examine the political environment within which the Common Core movement is occurring, how policymakers are constructing implementation strategies, how they are preparing for the next generation of high stakes tests, and the ways in which educators are interpreting and enacting policy messages. We seek to connect multiple theoretical and methodological perspectives and bring both established theory of policy implementation and newly developed theory into studies of standards, assessment, accountability and related implementation in the Common Core era. Read more about the conference here.


Resulting Publication: Challenging Standards: Navigating Conflict and Building Capacity in the Era of the Common Core, Jonathan Supovitz and James Spillane (Editors), Rowman & Littlefield




What are History Teachers Learning at Historic Sites?
Principal Investigator(s):  Christine Baron (Boston University/Teachers College) and Brenda Trofanenko(Arcadia University)
Award Period: 9/1/2013-2/28/2015
Conference Date: February 28-March 1, 2014

This conference brought together experts in the Learning Sciences, History, and Museum education to investigate the effective use of historic sites as centers for history teacher education and professional development. Particular emphasis was placed upon exploring the use of the full range of historical materials—buildings, material culture, and documents---to develop historical thinking, problem-solving, and analysis. A core group of 15 researchers participated in a two-day conference at Boston University to (a) develop a status report on the state of empirical research in this field, (b) identify effective protocols for discerning and documenting teacher learning at historic sites, (c) identify specific pedagogies, methodologies, assessment and evaluation tools that demonstrably promote analysis of historical materials on-site and classroom integration (d) develop a research agenda to further the field and (e) stimulate partnerships in which to execute the necessary research. Click here for the conference website.




Inter-American Symposium on Ethnographic Research in Education XIII: Comparing across the Americas
Principal Investigator(s): Kathryn Anderson-Levitt (University of California, Los Angeles) and Elsie Rockwell (CINESTAV/DIE)
Award Period: 6/15/2013-6/30/2014
Conference Date: September 18-20, 2013


This conference sought to create the kind of direct engagement across languages and across national epistemologies that is needed to build a truly comparative ethnography of education. The conference focused explicitly on the rewards and challenges of comparative ethnography, and built a comparative perspective into its structure by requiring cross-hemisphere and cross-linguistic participation in every session. Comparison focused on the theme of “Majorities, minorities, and migrations in comparative perspective,” highlighting similarities and differences in the way we conceive of immigrants/migrants and minorities/majorities across the hemisphere. Within the realm of ethnography of education as practiced by anthropologists, linguists, sociologists and psychologists, this conference aimed for conversations not just across disciplines, but across countries and language zones. The structure of the conference promoted planning for future collaboration, particularly through workshop sessions, and will lead to an edited volume on comparing ethnography across the Americas. Click here for the conference website.


Resulting AERA Publication: Comparing Ethnographies: Local Studies of Education Across the Americas, Edited by Kathryn Anderson-Levitt and Elsie Rockwell




A Condition or a Process?: Researching Race in Education
Principal Investigator(s):  Adrienne Dixson (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign) and Gloria Ladson-Billings (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Award Period: 4/1/2013-7/31/2014
Conference Date: November 2013


This conference brought together scholars in anthropology, economics, education, sociology, political science, law, history, and philosophy to discuss and examine issues of research methods, theory, and quality as they relate to researching race in education. Given the growing interest in critical perspectives on race and education (i.e., Critical Race Theory), it is important that the field have a substantive dialogue about theory, methods, quality and substance. This conference served to both advance the field in those areas, and help with improving how scholars engage in race research in education by clearly articulating: What constitutes quality race research? What theories drive race research? What methods help to engage race research? What kinds of questions should we be asking about race and education?




Beyond Reflexivity and Advocacy: Exploring the Ontological Turn in Educational Research
Principal Investigator(s):  Jerry Rosiek (University of Oregon) and Lisa Mazzei (University of Oregon)
Award Period: 4/1/2013-12/31/2014
Conference Date: July 28-August 1, 2014


The primary objective of the conference was to advance scholarship in educational research methodology by bringing together scholars working from different disciplinary angles on an emerging “ontological turn” in social inquiry and social science methodology. This “ontological turn” builds on the ideal of methodological reflexivity, which requires researchers to acknowledge the way writing constitutes—in limited ways—both the objects of its inquiry and the subjects to whom the research is addressed. The goal of the conference was not to forge a consensus about a new unified successor methodology that would displace existing methods of empirical research. Instead, the goal was to contribute to a new wave of methodological innovation through a reconceptualization of the purposes some forms of research serve.  


Evolutionary Perspectives on Educational Research, Policy, and Practice
Principal Investigator(s):  Daniel Berch (University of Virginia), David Geary (University of Missouri), Jerry Miller (The Evolution Institute)
Award Period: 4/1/2013-3/31/2014
Conference Date: November 7-9, 2013


This gathering facilitated the exchange of cutting-edge findings and recent theoretical developments, promoted new collaborations, and advanced the design of innovative educational research methods to test falsifiable evolutionary hypotheses pertaining to formal education. Substantive topics included: character education, acquiring moral knowledge and actions (e.g., fairness and social justice), the importance of play in learning and development, the costs and benefits of cooperative learning and real-world problem solving, and the evolutionary origins of pedagogy. Click here for the conference website.




Sociopolitical Development, School Engagement, and Psychological Well-Being: Defining Terms and Assessing the Evidence Base
Principal Investigator(s):  Ben Kirshner (University of Colorado-Boulder), Carlos Hipolito-Delgado(California State University, Long Beach), and Shelley Zion (University of Colorado-Denver)
Award Period: 12/1/2012-5/30/2014
Conference Dates: May 23-25, 2013 and February 6-7, 2014


Two convenings were held to accomplish four objectives: (1) define constructs across disciplines that are relevant to empowerment and learning for marginalized youth; (2) assess the quality of the evidence base about the connections between sociopolitical development and broader indices of school engagement, well-being, and youth development; (3) design interdisciplinary programs of research that address gaps or weaknesses in the knowledge base; and (4) write white papers that articulate the rationale for further research in this area and disseminate them to networks of scholars and funding agencies. In order to define the constructs, disciplinary groups examined the questions: (1) What does each perspective conceptualize as the core constructs of SPD and youth engagement?;( 2) What are core practices of SPD and youth engagement across domains?; and (3) What is the evidence base connecting SPD and youth engagement with improved school and developmental outcomes?




Developing a Framework for Professional Conduct and High Quality in Design-based Research: Perspectives from Two Educational Design Fields
Principal Investigator(s):  Theodore Kopcha, Cory Buxton, and Kevin Moore (University of Georgia)
Award Period: 12/1/2012-12/31/2013
Conference Date: September 24-26, 2013


Educational designers from two distinct design fields – the Learning Sciences and Instructional Design & Technology – came together using the ‘crossroads’ model to generate a framework for professional conduct and high quality research in design-based research (DBR). The purpose of this conference was to bring together DBR researchers from both the Learning Sciences and Instructional Design & Technology in a single setting to answer the current questions about DBR, refine our understanding of rigorous and valuable DBR, and improve the public perception of DBR as a viable method. Click here for more information about the conference.




Undermatching to Post-Secondary Education: A Conference Exploring the Scale, Scope, Causes and Consequences
Principal Investigator(s):  Carolyn Sattin-Bajaj and Elaine Walker (Seton Hall University)
Award Period: 12/1/2012-12/31/2013
Conference Date: June 3-4, 2013


This conference brought together approximately 25 leading researchers in the fields of college choice, access and success to explore, discuss, and share research findings on students undermatching to post-secondary educational institutions and to propose potential research projects and collaborations related to this phenomenon. Over the course of the two-day event, invited attendees shared current and as yet unpublished research and participated in moderated sessions in five main areas: the scale and scope of the issue of undermatching; the factors that contribute to undermatching; the consequences of this phenomenon for students’ educational, social, and economic trajectories; methodological questions and data requirements for measuring and studying undermatching; and strategies and interventions that may respond to and reduce the incidence of undermatching.




Seeking Common Ground: A Multidisciplinary Examination of Critical, Analytic Thinking in Learning and Development
Principal Investigator(s):  Patricia Alexander, Kevin Dunbar, and Kathryn Wentzel (University of Maryland)
Award Period: 12/1/2012-12/31/2013
Conference Date: October 2013


The purpose of this conference was to bring together scholars from varied disciplines, including educational psychology, reading, second language learning, special education, neuroscience, social psychology, statistics and measurement, and social and cognitive developmental psychology to engage in two days of intensive conversations around a shared goal—to understand the development of critical, analytic abilities of all K-20 students and to come to a better understanding of how to foster the application of these abilities to academic tasks. Four central questions guided the discussions: (1) How is the construct of critical, analytic thinking conceptualized and operationalized in each researcher’s field and in their research?; (2) What insights have been garnered from the study of critical, analytic thinking?; (3) What are the issues and concerns associated with the study of critical, analytic thinking in each researcher’s field and in their research?; and (4) What are the next steps that must be taken to foster critical, analytic thinking for all K-20 students?




A Needed Catalyst: A Proposal for an Interdisciplinary Conference on Epistemic Cognition
Principal Investigator(s):  Clark Chinn (Rutgers University) and Jeffrey Greene (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
Award Period: 5/15/2012-12/31/2013
Conference Date: January 31-February 2, 2013

This conference brought together leading educational psychologists, science educators, and philosophers working in the area of epistemology to catalyze and synthesize new conceptual and methodological directions for epistemic cognition research and applications. At the conference, focused dialogue on the conceptual foundations of epistemic cognition sought to foster greater coherence between the three disciplines; lead to methods for measuring epistemic cognition that produce psychometrically strong data; generate profitable directions for future empirical research; and encourage continued collaboration across the disciplines. The conference was organized around four core questions: (1) How should epistemic cognition be conceptualized? (2) How situated is epistemic cognition? (3) What kinds of methods can assess different aspects of epistemic cognition most effectively? (4) What are proper epistemic cognition goals and methods of instruction?




The Sociocultural Contexts of Academic Literacy Development for English Learners
Principal Investigator(s):  Timothy Boals (World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment/WIDA Consortium) and Edynn Sato (WestEd)
Award Period: 12/30/2011-6/30/2013
Conference Date: October 9-12, 2012 


This conference on academic literacy development in adolescent English Learners (ELs) focused on developing a common conceptual framework for academic literacy and academic literacy development and forging a shared research agenda. Some of the research questions explored in the conference included: What skills and practices constitute academic literacy? What does academic literacy development in adolescent ELs look like and how can this development be assessed? What classroom contexts may foster the development of academic literacy in adolescent ELs? The goals of the conference were to: (1) arrive at a shared definition of academic literacy, particularly as it applies to ELs, that is context-bound and dialogic in nature and can be used to guide the design of scholarly work and interpretation of research data; (2) arrive at a framework for looking at academic literacy development that can inform scholarly research on instructional practices and assessment for ELs; and (3) receive feedback on and solicit commitment for participation in a scholarly volume of work related to academic literacy development in adolescent ELs.

Resulting Publication: Multilingual Learners and Academic Literacies: Sociocultural Contexts of Literacy Development in Adolescents, Daniella Molle, Edynn Sato, Timothy Boals, Carol A. Hedgspeth (Editors), Routledge






Building a National Research Agenda to Improve the Educational Assessment and Attainment of English Language Learners
Principal Investigator(s):  John W. Young (ETS), Jamal Abedi (University of California, Davis), Joan Herman (CRESST/University of California, Los Angeles)
Award Period: 12/30/2011-3/31/2013
Conference Date: September 19-20, 2012


This project convened a two-day workshop with the goal of developing a national research agenda for the next decade that will lead to improved assessment designs, policies and practices as they impact English Language Learners (ELLs). Objectives included the development of plans for future research collaborations (such as teaming on grant proposals) among the workshop participants and with other researchers; dissemination of information obtained from workshop participants through journal and book publications; and dissemination of information obtained from workshop participants through a seminar in Washington, DC targeted to congressional staff and education policymakers (held in the summer of 2013).




Access, Competition, and For-Profit Education
Principal Investigator(s):  William A. Darity, Jr. (Duke University) and Tressie M. Cottom (Emory University)
Award Period: 12/30/2011-6/30/2013
Conference Date: September 21-22, 2012


This interdisciplinary conference focused on the significant social, political, and educational movement, en masse, of students into an underexamined institutional type by posing the following questions: Why are for-profits more popular among those populations with whom traditional colleges and universities have had the most difficulty enrolling and matriculating? Do for-profits constitute an innovative avenue for greater opportunity for access to quality higher education for students from underrepresented groups? What does the dominance of for-profits among African Americans and Latinos mean for Minority Serving Institutions? The conference explored conceptual and methodological tools for examining these phenomena. The conference agenda is available here.

News Coverage: “Conference Brings Together For-Profit Colleges and Scholars Who Study Them” (The Chronicle of Higher Education)





Interest, the Self, and K-16 Mathematics and Science Learning: Making Connections and Charting the Way
Principal Investigator(s):  K. Ann Renninger (Swarthmore College) and Martina Nieswandt (University of Massachusetts-Amherst)
Award Period: 9/1/2011-9/30/2012
Conference Date: May 6-8, 2012


Using a wiki and videoconferencing, this conference brought together researchers from the fields of motivation, mathematics education, science education, learning science, and developmental psychology, to think together about the role of the motivational variables of interest and self-efficacy/self-concept of ability/self-concept in K-16 students’ learning of mathematics and science. Issues considered included but were not limited to the following: (1) the alignment of approaches to conceptualizing, measuring, and generating interest; (2) conceptual and empirical differences among constructs of academic self-efficacy and academic self-concept, even when studied within the same academic domain; and findings indicating that academic self-concept influences academic self-efficacy but not vice-versa; (3) the role of the achievement context in student learning; and (4) the possibility that findings from studies of motivation and learning in other disciplines may not apply to hierarchical domains such as mathematics and science.

Resulting AERA Publication: Interest in Mathematics and Science Learning, K. Ann Renninger, Martina Nieswandt, and Suzanne Hidi (Editors)





Promoting and Sustaining a Quality Teaching Workforce
Principal Investigator(s):  Gerald K. LeTendre (Pennsylvania State University) and Alexander W. Wiseman(Lehigh University)
Award Period: 8/15/2011-9/30/2012
Conference Date: November 7-10, 2011


The conference brought together scholars from multi-disciplinary and international backgrounds to address two critical areas in teacher effectiveness and teacher quality: (1) what existing cross-national measures of teacher effectiveness and teacher quality are most promising, and how can these be aligned to maximize their research potential; and (2) what core constructs of teacher quality or effectiveness are missing, and how can cross-national research help identify these. Participants sought to identify both what is used and what is missing in the international and comparative analysis and reform of teacher quality to inform evidence-based educational policy formation around teacher quality in the U.S.




Investigating Core Practices of Professional Development That Impact Teacher and Student Learning: Implications for a Research Agenda
Principal Investigator(s):  Pam Grossman (Stanford University), Hilda Borko (Stanford University), Susan O'Hara (Stanford University), Emily Davis (Stanford University), Betty Achinstein (University of California, Santa Cruz), and Rod Ogawa (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Award Period: 2/15/2011-6/30/2012
Conference Dates: November 10-11, 2011 and January 30-31, 2012


Two convenings were held to develop and prioritize research questions and suggest a program of research for investigating professional learning opportunities that impact the quality of teacher and student learning. The objectives for the conferences were to (1) facilitate collaboration among renowned scholars on teacher professional development who reflect varied domains of inquiry and methodologies; (2) examine existing literature and identify gaps in the chain of evidence linking professional development to teacher practice and student learning outcomes; (3) suggest directions for new research on professional development and identify necessary tools for measuring the enactment and outcomes of professional development; and (4) write a white paper that articulates new directions for research that investigates features of professional development that impact teaching and student learning.




Thinking Systematically: Advancing Knowledge of School Districts Under Pressure
Principal Investigator(s):  Kara S. Finnigan (University of Rochester), Alan Daly (University of California, San Diego), and Eliot Weinbaum (University of Pennsylvania)
Award Period: 2/15/2011-6/30/2013
Conference Date: November 2-4, 2011


This intensive research workshop focused on district improvement under high-stakes accountability policies, with a particular emphasis on the linkages between organizational learning, district-wide learning communities, and underlying social networks as districts try to bring about improvement under these policies. Twenty-two scholars from across the country and internationally convened to develop conceptual frameworks, methodological approaches, and innovative research strategies that are most likely to yield useful findings and improve educational outcomes for students. The conference also highlighted practices that research suggests are most effective for districts and identified the pressing measurement issues related to studies of district improvement.


Resulting AERA Publication: Thinking and Acting Systemically:  Improving School Districts Under Pressure, Alan J. Daly and and Kara S. Finnigan (Editors)



Socializing Intelligence Through Academic Talk and Dialogue


Principal Investigator(s):  Lauren Resnick (University of Pittsburgh) 
Award Period: 12/15/2010-5/31/2012
Conference Date: September 22-25, 2011


This conference brought together scholars who have conducted research showing important cognitive and social effects of participation in content-based discussion, with friendly skeptics and critical education practitioners, to consider four key questions: (1) How good is the evidence for these effects?; (2) How should we characterize the kinds of discussion that seem to be producing positive effects?; (3) How can we explain the findings, especially the out-of-field transfer effects and the rises in scores on intelligence and general cognitive ability tests that have long been resistant to training and teaching?; and (4) How can academic talk and dialogue be scaled to become a common practice in classrooms?

Resulting AERA Publication: Socializing Intelligence Through Academic Talk and Dialogue, Lauren B. Resnick, Christa Asterhan, and Sherice Clarke (Editors)





Research on Family–School Partnerships: An Interdisciplinary Examination of State of the Science and Critical Needs
Principal Investigator(s):  Susan M. Sheridan, Gina Kunz, Gwen Nugent, and James Bovaird (University of Nebraska-Lincoln) 
Award Period: 9/1/2010-8/31/2011
Conference Date: September 19-21, 2010


This conference, co-sponsored by AERA and the National Science Foundation, was organized to (a) identify research “known’s and unknown’s” related to conditions that influence family-school continuities, partnerships, and intervention implementation; (b) determine effective mechanisms for monitoring families’ and schools’ engagement in partnership practices; (c) bolster basic and applied interdisciplinary research of the effects of specific partnership practices on the learning and development of children and adolescents; and (d) advance a research agenda to enhance empirical and scientific understandings of variables and outcomes associated with family-school partnerships. The workshop sought to enhance mutual understanding among participating researchers, stimulate research collaborations, and foster the identification of critical research needs and methods to address research gaps and new directions. Click here to view the meeting materials, including video presentations of the panelists and discussants.




The Widening Socioeconomic Achievement Gap: Causes, Consequences, and New Evidence
Principal Investigator(s):  Sean F. Reardon (Stanford University)
Award Period: 9/1/2010-8/31/2013
Conference Date: May 15-16, 2012


A working group meeting and a subsequent scholarly and policy conference were convened to investigate the causes and consequences of the rapid increase in socioeconomic educational achievement gaps over the last 30 years. The goals of the project were to: (1) stimulate new research and ideas on the causes and consequences of patterns and trends in socioeconomic achievement gaps; (2) convene an interdisciplinary working group conference of the commissioned paper authors to discuss the research; (3) convene a scholarly and policy conference to present the completed commissioned work, stimulate public, scholarly, and policy discussion of the issue; (4) disseminate the commissioned work broadly, though an edited volume and a set of policy briefs accessible to policymakers and the media; and (5) assist in the training of PhD students in education and the social sciences through their participation in the working group meeting and conference.




Building Better Students: Preparation for Life After High School
Principal Investigator(s):  Richard D. Roberts (ETS), Jeremy Burrus (ETS), Krista Mattern (The College Board), and Bobby Naemi (ETS) 
Award Period: 8/10/2010-9/30/2011
Conference Date: December 8-10, 2010


The purpose of the conference was to bring together worldrenowned researchers and policy makers to hold an informed and candid discussion on how we, as a nation, can best build better students through four key educational venues: (1) teachers and the curriculum, (2) programmatic interventions, (3) selection and assessment, and (4) policy. In total, 30 people served as keynote speakers, session speakers, chairs, or provided remarks during the conference. The conference dialogue about college and workforce readiness focused on cognitive competency (the skills and knowledge that students need to be able to succeed) and non-cognitive competency (the psychological attributes that students must have to be productive members of society). Click here for the conference website. 


News Coverage: “Experts Begin to Identify Nonacademic Skills Key to Success” (Education Week)





Integrating Knowledge Analysis and Interaction Analysis Approaches to Studying Learning and Conceptual Change
Principal Investigator(s):  Andrea A. diSessa (University of California-Berkeley), Bruce L. Sherin(Northwestern University), David Hammer (University of Maryland, College Park), Mariana Levin(University of California-Berkeley and Michigan State University), and Orit Parnafes (Tel Aviv University)
Award Period: 8/10/2010-9/30/2011
Conference Date: June 5-8, 2011

Twenty-nine researchers from various universities and research institutes gathered for an intensive conference aimed at integrating knowledge-focused and interactionist approaches to the study of mathematics and science learning. The participants, who represented multiple perspectives, engaged to study how individual cognitive dynamics interact with complex social dynamics. The conference was motivated by the need to foster the coordination of “situated/sociocultural” and “cognitive” approaches to the study of learning, with the intention of achieving four goals: (1) laying the foundation for developing integrated approaches to studying mathematics and science learning; (2) developing integrative analytical methods around analytical projects, by using tools from both knowledge analysis and interaction analysis; (3) examining meta-questions concerning the pros and cons of such integration; and (4) generating a community that advances the integrative agenda. Click here for the conference website.