Student Mobility and Violent Crime Exposure at Baltimore City Public Elementary Schools

Published Online in:
American Educational Research Journal
November 17, 2020

Julia Burdick-Will, Johns Hopkins University
Kiara Millay Nerenberg, Johns Hopkins University
Jeffrey A. Grigg, Johns Hopkins University
Faith Connolly, McREL International 

High levels of school mobility are a problem in many urban districts. Many of these same districts are also dealing with high rates of violent crime. In this study, we use 6 years (2010–2011 to 2015–2016) of administrative data from Baltimore City public elementary school students and crime data from the Baltimore Police Department to examine whether changes in violent crime at schools are associated with the likelihood of school exit. Using logistic regression with school fixed effects to adjust for constant differences between schools, we find that students are more likely to leave following years with higher levels of violent crime at their school. These associations are strongest for students ineligible for free or reduced-price meals and from safer neighborhoods.

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Read the press release: "Study: Jumps in Elementary School Violence Linked to Increased Student Transfers, Especially Among More Advantaged Students." 

Study citation: Burdick-Will, J., Nerenberg, K. M., Grigg, J. A., & Connolly, F. (2020). Student mobility and violent crime exposure at Baltimore City public elementary schools. American Educational Research Journal. Prepublished November 17, 2020.